Opportunity to Learn & Indicators

Porter, A. C. (2005). Prospects for school reform and closing the achievement gap. In C.A. Dwyer (Ed.), Measurement and research in the accountability era (pp. 59-95). Mahway, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Porter, A. C. (2004, November). Twelfth grade NAEP as an indicator of college readiness: Validity issues and methodological options. Paper written for the National Assessment Governing Board.

Porter, A. C. (2001, Summer). Invited commentary: Uses and limitations of indicator data. Education Statistics Quarterly 3(2), 14-16.

Porter, A. C. (1995). The uses and misuses of opportunity-to-learn standards. In D. Ravitch (Ed.), Debating the future of American schools (pp. 40-65). Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.

Porter, A. C. (1995). The uses and misuses of opportunity-to-learn standards. Educational Researcher 24(1), 21-27.

Porter, A. C. (1995). Guaranteeing good instruction. In P. Brown (Ed.), Strategies for linking school finance and students’ opportunity to learn (pp. 36-41). Washington, DC: National Governors’ Association.

Porter, A. C. (1994). Defining and measuring opportunity to learn. In S. L. Traiman (Ed.), The debate on opportunity-to-learn standards. Washington, DC: National Governors’ Association.

Porter, A. C. (1993). School delivery standards. Educational Researcher 22(5), 24-30. (Reprinted in Network News & Views 12(8), August 1993, 63-69 and in S. L. Traiman (Ed.), (1994), The debate on opportunity-to-learn standards. Washington, DC: National Governors’ Association.)

Porter, A. C. (1991). Creating a system of school process indicators. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis 13(1), 13-29.

Porter, A. C. (1988). Indicators: Objective data or political tool?

Phi Delta Kappan 67(9), 503-508.